Bihar Tourist Destinations offers areas of untouched natural beauty such as lakes, waterfalls and hot springs. Bihar’s unique tapestry of religious history is unparalleled.Bodhgaya is a fascinating place to visit and tourists and travelers flock to see this wonderful tourist haven. On a tour to Bihar, soak up the Buddhist vibes under the sacred Bodhi tree.Rajgir and Sasaram are some of the most interesting places one can find off the usual tourist trail. Enjoy the tranquility of the fascinating ruins at Nalanda University an ancient seat of learning.
Since the inception of its history Bihar has been cradle of culture and civilization with unparalleled growth in the field of art, culture and religion literature & human rights. It is the land where earliest forms of democracy blossomed in the form of cities governance. With Lord Buddha it witnessed a cultural renaissance as people embraced Buddhism and spread beyond the boundaries of our country. Nalanda was established as a highest seat of learning where students joined from the world all over. The rich culture of Bihar will transport you through 3000 years of history, reliving a rich heritage of romantic legends; to a land affluent in natural beauty, whispering forests, sparkling lakes, majestic forts and palaces, holy rivers, cascading waterfalls, natural hot springs.
Tourist Destinations in Bihar
Bodhgaya is the place where the Prince Siddharth attained the supreme enlightenment and became 'The Buddha', the enlightened one. This the place where the saga of Buddha began and Buddhism was born here under the Peepal Tree. Bodhgaya has naturally developed into the most sacred spot for Buddhists from all over the world, especially the affluent south East Asia. It is 13 km. from Gaya town. Apart from a Budhist pilgrimage destination, Gaya is also an important Centre of Hindu Pilgrimage where people go to pray for the salvation of their ancestors
Rajgir is south of Nalanda and sacred to the memory of the founder of both Buddhism and Jainism. Lord Buddha spent many months of retreat during the rainy season here, and used to meditate and preach on Griddhkuta, the 'Hill of the Vultures'. Lord Mahavir spent fourteen years of his life at Rajgir and Nalanda. It was in Rajgriha that Lord Buddha delivered some of his famous sermons and converted king Bimbisara of the Magasha Kingdom and countless others to his creed. Rajgir is located in a verdant valley surrounded by rocky hills. An aerial ropeway provides the link with a hilltop stupa "Peace Pagoda" built by the Japanese. On one of the hills in the cave of Saptparni, was held the first Buddhist Council. The Saptparni cave is also the source of the Rajgir Hot Water Springs that have curative properties and are sacred to the Hindus.
Nalanda has a very ancient history. Lord Vardhamana Mahavir and Lord Buddha frequently visited it in the 6th century BC. During his sojourns, the Lord Buddha found this place prosperous, swelling, teeming with population and containing mango-groves. It is also supposed to be the birthplace of Sariputra, one of the Chief disciples of the Lord Buddha. Nalanda, where ruins of the great ancient university have been excavated, is situated at a distance of 90 km. south east of Patna by road. It falls on way to Rajgir. It is also linked by rail with Patna, Rajgir and Bakhtiyarpur (on Delhi-Howrah main track). The great stupa flanked by flights of steps and terraces, votive stupas and beautiful sculpture give the present day tourists a glimpse of the past glory that once was Nalanda. Many of the stupas were two or even three times built one over the other on the same spot. A row of monastery sites lies from south to north. By and large all of them are of the same pattern. But most important of them is site no.1, entrance of which lies in the west wall through a large portico of which the roof rested on pillars.
Patna, the capital of the State of Bihar, is an important business centre of eastern India. More significantly, it is a gateway to the Buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri. Beneath the din and bustle of Patna, the capital of Bihar state, has a fascinating past. Some of the places of tourist attraction are Gol Ghar , Museum, Harmandirji, Khuda Baksh Oriental Library, Kumhrar, Martyrs Memorial, Jalan Museum, Pathar Ki Masjid, Agam Kuan, Biological Park, Bihar Institute of Handicrafts and Designs, Birla Mandir, Nawab Shahid-Ka-Maqbara, Pachim Darwaza and Padri-Ki-Haveli.
Situated on the confluence of the river Gand ak and Ganges, Sonepur, shaped like three mighty rivers - the Ganga, Gandak, and Ghagra that demarcate this district, demarcate a triangle. Sonepur is located in the Saran district in the northern part of Bihar.
Set in panoramic surroundings, Sonepur is a small quiet town situated over Asia's longest bridge, the Mahatma Gandhi Setu, which is a short distance from Patna. It is famed for the unique 3 week long Sonepur fair, rightly called the 'king of fairs' that is only one of its kind in the whole of Asia, that it hosts in the period of October - November.
Just 55 kms away from capital city Patna, Vaishali is a small village boasts of an impressive historical past. The excavations in the region have brought out several historic structures related to Lord Buddha, Mauryan King Ashoka and Lord Mahavira as well. Lord Buddha used to visit Vaishali frequently, where as the Jain Tirthankar, Lord Mahavira born on the outskirts of Vaishali and lived here till he was 22 years old. According to historic records Vaishali is the place where one of the world's first democratic republics was flourishing in the 6th century B.C. with an elected assembly of representatives. Vaishali was also the centre for trade and industry, while Pataliputra, the capital of the Mauryas and the Guptas, held political activities over the Gangetic plain. Moreover, Vaishali remained an important pilgrimage centre for both Buddhists and Jains during the ancient period. Now Vaishali attracts large number of tourists and historians who foraging for the past.
Vikramsila is a town situated in the state of Bihar, India. It lies at a distance of approximately 40 km from the city of Bhagalpur. One of the popular Buddhist destinations in India, Vikramshila cannot boast of a direct relation with Lord Buddha. It is mainly renowned for being one of the most significant centers of Tantric Buddhism, in the 8th century AD. It also houses the famous Vikramasila University, the main intellectual as well as learning center of Tantric Buddhism.