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Economy and Infrastructure of Bihar

  • Bihar at a Glance
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Roads The State is serviced by 2318 Kms. of National Highways, 4192 Kms. of State highways, 12,579 Kms. of district roads and over 69000 Kms. of other roads.

South Bihar has extensive network of roads linking major industrial locations in the state. The state would also encourage private sector involvement in maintenance of roads and bridges.

Railways
The State has extensive and well developed railway system providing vital links to mining industry and tourism with important cities and ports in the country. The total rail length is in excess of 5400 Kms.

Airports
Patna International Airport is directly connected with Kathmandu (Nepal), New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Lucknow, Varanasi & Ranchi, Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Raxoul and Jogbani are the other domestic airports in Bihar.

Air services are provided by Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines and Royal Nepal Airlines.

39 district Head Quarters have air strips/aerodromes.

Small Air taxi/charter services are available at Patna and Jamshedpur.

Inland Water Transport
Bihar is traversed by several rivers. Some of the major rivers are the Ganges, Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi, Damodar, Sone and Swarnarekha. Total length of rivers in Bihar is 4,414 Kms

Navigable length of rivers is 1,325 Kms.

Farakka to Buxar in the river Ganges has been declared as National Water Ways No.1. It is presently operative from Haldia to Patna. This provides access to Calcutta Seaport (417Kms) and Haldia (517Kms).

Financial

Bihar State Financial Corporation (BSFC) is the main state level institution providing term lending facilities to industrial entrepreneurs. Banks have also shown increasing interest in term lending to industrial units. BSFC will be restructured and strengthened to meet the growing financial and mercantile needs of entrepreneurs.The Corporation also undertakes the appraisal of projects coming up in the state with a view to raising money from the capital market (Public/Rights Issues).

Power
Total installed capacity of the Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Tenughat Thermal Power Corporation (TTPC) and Bihar State Hydro Electric Corporation (BSHEC) in Bihar is 4470 M.W. The installed Thermal and are 4120 M.W. and Hydel capacities 350 M.W. respectively.

Telecom
Telephone Density:
Per thousands population - 2.90
Per Sq.Km. - 1.06

Telephone Exchanges
Total No.of Exchanges - 777
Equipment capacity - 3,29,000

Public Call Office
Urban - 4,758
Rural - 7,302
Highways - 122
STD/ISD - 440

All cities and towns of the state are directly accessible on International Subscriber Dialing (ISD). There are proposal to provide value added services like Radio Paging, Cellular Telephone, E-mail Services etc. in the State. Opportunities exist in providing value added services as well as in expansion of basic telecommunication facilities.